THE LONG HISTORY OF VETULONIA
In the main square in Vetulonia, a hamlet of Castiglione della Pescaia and the main archaeological site of the Maremma, the Museo Civico Archeologico “Isidoro Falchi” boasts an incredible collection of artifacts covering nine centuries of history and splendor of the city, from its foundation in the ninth century BC until his death, at the end of the Roman period, around the fifth century A.D.
THE PLAQUE OF AUVELE FELUSKE
Among the artifacts found in the necropolis, including a huge amount of tiaras, jewelry and votive objects, stands the gravestone of oriental local prince Auvele Feluske, dating from the eighth or seventh century BC and regarded as the most important find of the Civic Archaeological Museum “Isidoro Falchi”.
VII THE CENTURY: THE SPLENDOR OF VETULONIA
The seventh century was the time when Vetulonia reached the height of its splendor and the Museum testifies to the helmets with gold and bronze necklaces and crowns. From this period dates also the “Stone of Dupiane” who, perhaps from the tomb of a master, is a rare and valuable example of Etruscan alphabet, similar to the ancient greek.
KNOW THE ETRUSCANS
Among the enormity of exhibits in the Museo Civico Archeologico “Isidoro Falchi”, that tell us much about the Etruscans and the origins of the Maremma, there are also coins, pottery, jewelry, statues and tombs reconstructions with the original burial goods in them found. Also very valuable in the terracotta bas-relief that adorned the entrance of an aristocratic house, the “Domus of Medea”, depicting scenes from the greek myth of the Golden Fleece.
From October to February: 10:00 to 16:00
March to May: 10:00 to 18:00
From June to September: 10:00 to 14:00 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.
TICKETS AND CONTACTS
Full price: € 5.00
Reduced and groups min. 20 pp: € 2.50;
School groups: 1.00 €
Civic Archaeological Museum “Isidoro Falchi” – Piazza Vetluna 1 – Vetulonia
Nature Reserve Diaccia Botrona, about 1000 hectares between Castiglione della Pescaia and Grosseto, is what remains of the ancient lake that in Etruscan times was the “Lacus Prilius” and that until the ‘700 covered the area, dried up to fight malaria .
DIACCIA BOTRONA: A RESOURCE FOR BIODIVERSITY
Protected area since 1971, the reserve Diaccia Botrona is now a habitat for around 200 different animal species. To name just a few, you will come across a myriad of migratory birds like flamingos, osprey, red and white herons herons, kites or European rollers. In terrestrial and marsh tortoises, wild animals such as foxes, porcupines, badgers or hedgehogs.
THE FLORA OF THE SWAMP
It enters the Nature Reserve Diaccia Botrona with a distance of 16 km or a much shorter path of about 2 km, but in the summer you can also make trips barca.La marsh and the extensive green area that touches offer an incredible show of colors and scents, among the tamarisk, elm trees, rushes, straws and various orchid species, some very rare.
Clodia on the hill which dominates one end of the swamp, are the ruins of the ancient abbey of San Pancrazio al Fango, built in the twelfth century on the remains of a luxurious Roman villa that the senator will Clodius built in imperial times.
At the entrance of Diaccia Botrona one is struck by a two-storey building that surmounts the marsh, a deep red color. It is the “Casa Ximenes”, named after the Jesuit monaco, who designed it in 1765 to liberate the area from malaria. The house, for its particular position, would have had to split seawater and freshwater, thus defeating the deadly fever caused, according to monaco, by this insane mixture of the two waters. It did not work, causing him to fall out of favor but the house he built is a useful tool today to protect the delicate ecosystem of the marsh reserve, as well as an interesting multimedia museum.
Malaria has plagued the area for centuries, as to be at the center of many legends. The most famous identifying it with a witch from burning eyes who lived the Diaccia Botrona marsh and it was able to burn the people with a look, terrorizing the inhabitants of Castiglione della Pescaia.
Visitor Center Casa Ximenes
From June to August: every day, except Monday 16.00-22.00
From September to May: from Thursday to Sunday 13:00 to 7:00 p.m.
On request: guided tours by boat in the swamp
Province of Grosseto, the field of Nature Conservation (tel 484 581 0564)
Visitor Center Casa Ximenes (tel 347 5345189-339 4331553)
HOW TO GET TO THE NATURE RESERVE DIACCIA BOTRONA
You get to Castiglione della Pescaia from the provincial road SP 158 Collacchie. On entering the village, before the bridge Giorgini, turn right to the Casa Ximenes.
Alternatively, from the main road in the direction of Castiglionese Castiglione della Pescaia you get to Badia Bridges. From here you enter the Diaccia Reserve Botrona by a path that runs alongside the road, on the left.
THE LUNG MAREMMA
green heart of the area, the Natural Park of Maremma, the Tuscan familiarly call the “Uccellina” (by limestone mountains that dominate the south central part) covers nearly 10,000 hectares and ranges from Principina a Mare (about 20 km south of Castiglione della Pescaia) to the Talamone promontory.
Established as a nature park with a Regional Law in 1975, the Natural Park of Maremma insists on common Grosseto, Magliano in Toscana and Orbetello, and is one of the scenic treasures of Tuscany.
Inside it boasts dense forests, historical artifacts, pristine beaches and huge pastures, as well as a farm owned by the Region of Tuscany, the “Granary Lorraine”, home of the “Fodazione Slow Food for Biodiversity” made entirely from local materials recovery.
WHERE THERE NATURE REIGNS SUPREME
From the marshlands of the “swamp the trap”, among which reeds inhabit many species of ducks and migratory, we move on to the granite cliffs covered by thick Mediterranean myrtle, strawberry tree and mastic, including peep of rare dwarf palms . The part of the Monti dell’Uccellina is instead covered with centuries-old evergreen forests, inhabited by foxes, wild cats, deer and porcupines. Finally, inside the Maremma Natural Park it is common to find herds of cattle in the wild Maremma, grazed by the famous “cowboys”.
ROUTES OF THE PARK NATURE, HISTORY AND TASTE
Visits to the Park are possible along many routes leading to the discovery of the many beauties of the Maremma Natural Park.
16 are the routes on foot, by bike 4, 4 horse, carriage 4, 2 and 1 canoe at night. In addition, in collaboration with Slow Food, they are organized also several wine tasting tours to discover local organic products.
Among the routes, one of the most known will take the Abbey of San Rabano, a Romanesque abbey founded by the Benedictines in the XI century, and of which there are now some well-preserved parts.
A second route is the one that runs along the steep cliffs to discover ancient towers that from Castiglione della Pescaia Talamone needed to prevent pirate attacks.
Others allow you to get to the wild beach of Marina di Alberese or the magnificent cove of Cala di Forno, with its crystal clear waters and the beach crescent-shaped, always enjoying the incredible views that the park throws the Tuscan Archipelago and on a stretch Tirreno from blue clearer.
HOW TO GET TO THE REGIONAL PARK OF MAREMMA
To arrive at the main entrance of Grosseto, where the Visitor Center, the SS1 Aurelia, about 7 Km from Grosseto, take the Rispescia / Alberese / output of the Maremma Natural Park and follow the signs to the entrance to the Park.
CONTACT CENTER VISITS REGIONAL PARK AUTHORITY OF MAREMMA
For information on times and how to visit:
www.parco-maremma.it – firstname.lastname@example.org
THE LAKE AND THE DUNES
The Reserve of Lake Burano, known also as a Zone of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention, was established in 1980 and is managed by the WWF.
The lake of Burano is a coastal lake survived an ancient lake at the southern end of the Maremma in the municipality of Capalbio. It is separated from the Tyrrhenian Sea by a narrow strip of dunes, which is one of the best preserved coastlines in the region. It covers about 410 hectares between Ansedonia and Capalbio including 140 occupied by an average of one meter deep lake.
In 2005, both the Lake Burano that the dune of Lake Burano were listed as sites of interest by the Ministry of the Environment.
Supervises the lake Tower Buranaccio built around the mid-sixteenth century, the southernmost defensive outpost of the State of the Garrisons, at the border with the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Papal State.
AN UNFORGETTABLE JOURNEY
Lake Burano is an example of how the Maremma is able to offer unique and wonderful landscapes, while protecting the environment.
The tours of the reserve are organized by WWF through a path with watchtowers and huts observers, a nature trail, butterfly garden and observatory for night vision in mammals.
The path on the flat, about two kilometers long, enables visits to people with disabilities.
On the long beach, enchanted by the sparkle of the waters that reach the sand you walk into a magical world populated by narcissus sea and santolina.
The Mediterranean vegetation dominates the area beyond the dunes of juniper bushes, juniper, myrtle, mastic tree and cork oak.
The reeds and the water lily and many other species typical of wetlands surrounding the lake shore.
Similarly surprising variety of animals and wild birds: tufted ducks, herons, flamingos, the marsh harrier, harriers, ospreys and Lanner. Among the mammals in the sandy dunes and scrub live porcupines, badgers, foxes, weasels, marten and the skunk.
In this pristine environment it plays the monarch butterfly, the sphinx dead head and Lelya Cenosa, a small moth whose caterpillar feeds on marsh reed.
HOW TO GET THE OASIS BURANO LAKE
From Alberese take the S.S. Aurelia towards Rome and follow the directions for Capalbio, continue taking the junction for Marina di Capalbio at Km 133
Oasis is open from September to April,
visits on Sunday at 10.00 and at 14.30 (15:00 daylight saving time).
Groups and schools every day, by reservation.
The departure of all visits, unless otherwise indicated is always from the Oasis Visitor Center S.P. Seaside, 35 Capalbio
For photographers and birders, it is possible, in certain periods, to provide access to particular times, agreeing with management.
Contacts and information tel. +39 0564 898829